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Apulia Panorama Apulia is located on the adriatic and on the ioniam sea in the South-East of the Italian peninsula.
The Puglia with its coast (approximately 800 Km.) is one of the most famous tourist localities of the Italy. The Mountains are few and cross the Puglia, one of these are the cape of the Gargano, covered from charming forests. The Mediterranean climate renders this region a natural paradise all to explore.

Castel del Monte (Andria)
The most impressive and best-Known of the Apulia castles. In 1240 Frederik II began the construction of his hunting residence this superb, octagonal castle with towers, also octagonal, at its eight corners.

Cattedrale di San Nicola (Trani)
It is the famous monument in the small city of Trani. It is devoted to San Nicola Pellegrino.
The construction, initiated in 1096 was finished in the XIII century. Its prospectus is the most imposing. Built to a few footsteps from the sea, it constitutes an ancient beauty.

The Trulli, called Casedde (little houses) by local people, are unique Buildings: they are entirely built with the local limestone, used also for the whitewash covering their walls. Unfortunately, the local master masons able to build a trullo are gradually disappearing.
A trullo is like a doll’s house: tiny and neat, cool and very simple. Once only farmers used to live in them, today they are increasingly used as Summer houses.

Apulia (Italian: Puglia ['puʎːa]) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of ̉tranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. Its southern portion known as Salento, a peninsula, forms the heel of the Italian "boot". The region comprises 19,345 km² (7,469 square miles), and its population is about 4 million. It is bordered by the other Italian regions of Molise to the north, Campania to the west, and Basilicata to the southwest. It neighbors Greece and Albania, across the Adriatic and Ionian Seas, respectively. The region extends as far north as Monte Gargano, and was the scene of the last stages in the Second Punic War.

Apulia is mostly a plain (see Tavoliere delle Puglie); its low coast, however, is broken by the mountainous Gargano Peninsula in the north, and there are mountains in the north central part of the region. Other important centers are Alberobello, Andria, Barletta, Canosa, Conversano, Francavilla Fontana, Gallipoli, Gioia del Colle, Gravina in Puglia, Grottaglie, Manfredonia, Martina Franca, Molfetta, Monopoli, Ostuni, Otranto, Palo del Colle, Santa Maria di Leuca, San Giovanni Rotondo, San Vito dei Normanni, Trani.

Apulia is divided into six provinces: Bari, Barletta-Andria-Trani, Brindisi, Foggia, Lecce, Taranto.

Apulia ViewIn ancient times only the northern part of the region was called Apulia; the southern peninsula was known as Calabria, a name later used to designate the toe of the Italian "boot."

A gravina at Gravina in Puglia.One of the richest in Italy for archeological findings, the region was settled from the 1st millennium BC by several Illyric and Italic peoples. Later, the Greeks expanded until reaching the area of Taranto and the Salento.

Apulia was an important area for the ancient Romans, who conquered it in the 4th century BC but also suffered a crushing defeat here in the battle of Cannae against Hannibal. However, after the Carthaginians left the region, the Romans captured the ports of Brindisi and Taranto, and established dominion over the region. During the Imperial age Apulia was a flourishing area for production of grain and oil, becoming the most important exporter to the Eastern provinces.

After the fall of Rome, Apulia was held successively by the Goths, the Lombards and, from the 6th century onwards, the Byzantines. Bari became the capital of a province that extended to modern Basilicata, and was ruled by a capitanus (governor), hence the name of Capitanata of the Barese neighbourhood. From 800 on Saracen domination in the area was intermittent, but Apulia was mostly under Byzantine authority until the 11th century, when the Normans conquered it with relative ease.

Robert Guiscard set up the duchy of Apulia in 1059. After the Norman conquest of Sicily in the late 11th century, Palermo replaced Melfi (just west of present day Apulia) as the center of Norman power, and Apulia became a mere province, first of the Kingdom of Sicily, then of the Kingdom of Naples. From the late 12th to early 13th centuries, Apulia was a favorite residence of the Hohenstaufen emperors, notably Frederick II. After the fall of the latter's heir, Manfred, under the Angevine and Aragonese/Spanish dominations Apulia became largely dominated by a small number of powerful landowners (Baroni). The coast was occupied at times by the Turks and by the Venetians. The French also controlled the region in 1806-1815, resulting in the abolition of feudalism and the reformation of the justice system.

Liberation movements began to spread in the 1820s. In 1861, with the fall of Two Sicilies, the region joined Italy. Social and agrarian reforms that had proceeded slowly from the 19th century accelerated in the mid-20th century.

The characteristic Apulian architecture of the 11th–13th centuries reflects Greek, Arab, Norman, and Pisan influences. There are universities at Bari and Lecce.

Levante Film Festival Bari

Part of the information regarding the history, the art, the traditions and the events about the city of Apulia on this page is drawn from www.wikipedia.org respecting the GNU Free Documentation License.