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The foundation of the city was previewed from the emperor Federico of Svevia in 1245, but the greater merit for the construction of the city was had under the reign of Corrado IV that in 1253, a year before its dead women, realized it nearly completely.
The executory ones of the plan were the inhabitants of the castles of the conca aquilana that wanted confederar in an only great center.
The city had an independent organization, with a boss and a council, and assumed a such military political importance that the papa Alexander IV, in 1257 transferred the ancient episcopal center of Forcona to Aquila, constructing the church of the S.S. Massimo and George.
In this years he was in action contesa between the papacy and the new Swedish king Manfredi; the city remained faithful to the church and paid hardly for this in the 1259 in fact Manfredi after to have reconquered the southern part of the reign Aquila besieged and destroyed that remained abandoned for seven years until 1266.
In 1266 Carl II of Angiņ conquered of the reign of Sicily and said beginning to the reconstruction of the city; in year 1272 for work of Lucchesino Captain, the edificazione was begun of walls citizens and uniforms the city in four quarters. In this period it comes constructed to the basilica of S. Maria di Collemaggio where in 1294 it came incoronato Pope Peter from Morrone, with the name of Celestino V, to the presence of Carl II of Angiņ. With alternating itself of the Aragoneses to the Angioini the faithful city to the cause of Giovanna II of Angiņ, was of new subordinate to hardest besieges, lasted approximately 13 months, to work of Andrea Fortebraccio Arm conte of Montone on behalf of Alfonso of Aragon.
The city resisted courageous and to the defeat of the Aragoneses, Queen Giovanna in order to thanks Aquila of its fidelity granted series of privileges that of they increased the economic and social development.
Little later become the second power of the reign of Naples, prosperosa in the exchanges trades them and cultural that Italian and foreign cities maintained with the more important.
In XV the century it had I privilege to mint currency; the university was instituted you and in the 1482 di Rottwill was opened the printing office gives To, disciple of the Gutemberg. During the fight between the French and the Spanish for the possession of the reign of Naples the spirit of independence of the city was suffocated. In order to punish it to have parteggiato for Francisco I, the Spanish Carl V, he ordered to Filippo d'Orange to besiege it and to destroy it.
In the 1532 from Don Pedro di Toledo the 1647 city was erected the Castle "to reprimendam audaciam Aquilanorum" During the revolt of Masaniello was rebelled of new to the Spanish and was for this condemned to hard economic and social repressions, than of it they caused a slow decline. In a 1703 frightful earthquake it completely destroyed to the city, getting worse the economic and demographic resumption. It participated actively to the revolutionary motions for the unit of Italy, and in the 1860 become primary city in Abruzzo.
Municipalities of L.Aquila:
Part of the information regarding the history, the art, the traditions and the events about the city of on this page is drawn from www.wikipedia.org
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