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Viterbo is an altitude of m. 326 s.l.m., the communal surface is of approximately 406,3 kmq. Viterbo is situated to the feet of the Cimini Mounts, contornata from one fertile valley, in the north of the Lazio. It represents one of the beautifulst zones of ltalia, rich of history and landscapes, mounts and lagos with a still wild aspect. The better seasons in order to visit Viterbo are the spring and the summer for being able to discover the wonders that it reserves the crib of the antichi Etruschi.
Traces of old takeovers testify the presence of humans on the area where then Viterbo is risen: examples of such occupation are give to you, for the neolithic and eneolitico period, from tombe of the Rinaldone (it put into effect them Bagnaccio) and in the outskirtses of Ferento.
Already in the Etruscan period in the place where today they rise the Dome and the Papal Palace existed a fortified center (castrum) that it only acquired greater importance after the roman occupation after the half of III sec. thanks to of the consular road Cassia opening.
For the Etruscan period in truth you there are not remained many testimonies: of the existence one tetrapoli Etruscan, that she has given origin to the city of Viterbo therefore as wanted to believe the quattrocenteschi reporters, not is trace. The hypothesis that four quarters, Fano, Arbano, Vetulonia, Longola, decided to cross had been the first inhabited nucleus of the city remains most probable. Moreover the same acronym indicates the abbreviated synthesis of Fano (AGO) and Voltumna (VL) in order to indicate the four ways disposed to cross, like in the shield inborn in the coat of arms of Viterbo, that they carried to the Sacred Forest, point of encounter of the stirpi Etruscan.
During the Roman Empire the castrum, presuming the existence of a tempio dedicated to Ercole, taken the name of Castrum Herculis.
The first news on the city goes back however to the half of the VIII sec. and is the testimony of the existence of the castrum Biterbi like southern border of the Tuscia Longobarda.
Between greater monuments we can cite Large Fontana of XIII the century. The Medieval quarter conserve many architectonic testimonies of XIII the century. Palace of the going back Alessandri to XIII the century with great lowered arc and balcony. Papal palace in gotico style of XIII the century with duecentesca perron and loggia on the facade.
Municipalities of Viterbo:
Part of the information regarding the history, the art, the traditions and the events about the city of on this page is drawn from www.wikipedia.org
respecting the GNU Free Documentation License.